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Anti-lock braking System

ABS as safety mechanism

The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) is an essential safety feature in modern vehicles that helps prevent wheels from locking up during braking. It is designed to maintain the driver’s ability to steer the vehicle while braking, even in emergency situations. The ABS works by monitoring the rotational speed of each wheel. If a wheel is about to lock up, the system modulates the brake pressure to that particular wheel, allowing it to rotate and regain traction. This prevents skidding and enables the driver to maintain control over the vehicle. ABS has become a standard feature in most cars today, greatly enhancing braking performance and overall safety on the road. Simply put ABS is a safety mechanism that doesn’t allow wheel rotational lockup in the event of braking. It takes away uncontrolled skidding.

ABS-equipped cars show improved braking and better control, especially steering remains responsive and the driver can also steer away from obstacles while braking which was previously not possible due to under-steer. ABS is greatly affected if the brake pads are poor or faded.

The newer versions of the Anti-lock braking system have electronically controlled rear and front brake bias, this function is capable of load sensing and adjusting the brake force on the wheel about to slip. It is also called electronic brake force distribution or EBD. Emergency brake assists EBA, traction control system TCS, or electronic stability control ESC are upgraded versions of Anti-lock Braking Systems with EBD having more inputs such as from gyro sensors and steering angle sensors, and not only relying on wheel speed sensors.

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